End of term papers are due, and that means lots of citation questions at library!
Here are a few places you can find help if you don’t have time to come in to ask a question.
The Library’s APA style page has a PDF with examples of in-text and reference list citations for different resources you may be using, as well as tutorials.
If you are in BUAD 123, check out the citation tab of the guide to find examples of specific sources you might be using in your report.
Ask a question by chat: use AskAway to chat live with a librarian, wherever you are!
If you are formatting your reference list and don’t know how to create a hanging indent (without using the Tab key), check out this post to find out how to automatically create a hanging indent in Word.
Is it your first time writing a research report? If it is, you might still need help understanding how and when to cite, and why it’s so important. The Library has a new guide on avoiding plagiarism— check it out if you have questions.
Good luck with your papers!
At the reference desk we always get a lot of questions about citations… this time of year those questions definitely ramp up, as everyone’s getting their final papers and reports finished.
Below, a few specific questions that come up about APA style, as well as some links to guides or websites that are useful resources for APA citations.
How do you reference a web page that has no author? (answered at the APA Style website)
How do you cite an interview? (answered at the APA Style website)
Missing pieces: how to cite something without all the information? (handy table at the APA Style Blog)
APA Style FAQs from their website– good source for questions about style, references, punctuation, and formatting.
The APA Style Blog is also a great resource for questions about citations; you can use the search box or use the tag cloud to find posts about topics such as citing personal communications, tables and figures, social media, and much more.
As for library databases, there are a couple tricks you should know– you can use the cite function that is available in most databases, including OCtopus; just be careful to double check the citation with one of the guides above, as the databases do not always create citations properly. They can be a good starting point, however.
Another tip– use the permanent URL function in the databases. Don’t copy and paste the URL from the address bar if you’re in a database and find an article you like– this link may break. There will usually be a permanent link option (often on the right side of the page, or across the top– look for chain links icon) that will create a link that will not break. You can also email yourself the references for later use.
And of course you can always ask for help!
Struggling with APA citation? What to learn more about why we should cite and how to cite in APA style?
Learn more about the tutorial here.
OC Library is pleased to offer this semester’s Cite it Right session (Kelowna campus) at 12 p.m. on Wednesday, February 15th.
If you are a BUAD instructor who would like a citation session taught for your class, please contact Leanna Jantzi.
Click here for more details.
Back by popular demand, Cite it Right! APA workshops have returned for another term at Kelowna campus. This year an additional advanced APA citation session has been added to the schedule.
For more information, including dates, times, and how to sign up, visit the OC Library News blog.
It’s that time of year – You’re working on your final projects and assignments and double-checking your citations.
A common APA citation question is: “I have multiple sentences that occur one after the other that contain information from the same source: Do I have to repeat the in-text citation every time?”
The answer is yes….and no.
The overall rule is to “cite the work of those individuals whose ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work” (APA, 2009, p. 169).
However, the APA manual does allow for in-text citations to be slightly shortened in very specific circumstances:
Within a paragraph, when the name of the author appears as part of the narrative … you need not include the year in subsequent nonparenthetical references to a study as long as the study cannot be confused with other studies cited in the article . Do include the year in all parenthetical information. (APA, 2009, p. 174)
So what does this mean? It means that you do not have to repeatedly include the year in an in-text citation if:
- the citations occur in the same paragraph
- the first time the author’s name is mentioned in the paragraph, it is part of your sentence, and not part of a parenthetical citation. (Example: Smith (2010) stated that one in five subjects responded positively to treatment.)
- There’s not another source written by Smith, or another Smith, or any other way the reader could confuse the citation with another source.
So, what would it look like?
Smith (2010) stated that three in five subjects responded positively to treatment. Smith also stated that those who responded positively found that their symptoms began to lessen after two weeks of treatment. The study also showed that the female subjects demonstrated a higher rate of recovery (Smith, 2010).
BUT….if both the name and the year appear in parentheses first, the above rule does NOT apply, and you would create your in-text citations as normal. Example:
Three in five subjects responded positively to treatment (Smith, 2010). Smith (2010) also stated that those who responded positively found that their symptoms began to lessen after two weeks of treatment. The study also showed that the female subjects demonstrated a higher rate of recovery (Smith, 2010).
Hopefully this rule will help you streamline your APA citations. As always, if you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact the Library. You can also visit the Library’s APA guide for more examples.
American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC: Author.
Okanagan College Library is offering four basic APA citation workshops this semester at the Kelowna campus in L203 (Library classroom):
- Wednesday, February 2: 12 pm – 1 pm
- Tuesday, February 15: 4 pm – 5 pm
- Thursday, March 10: 10 am – 11 am
- Monday, March 28: 3 pm – 4 pm
These workshops will cover:
- Why citation is important
- How and what to cite
- How to construct basic APA style citations
Space is limited. Sign up soon at http://bit.ly/OCLibraryWorkshops
All students and faculty members are welcome to attend.
If you have any questions, please contact the library.
OC Library has updated its APA Citation Style Guide. This guide replaces any previous guides and reflects the rules and examples in the 2009 APA Publication Manual, 6th edition, 2nd printing.
The updated guide offers some clarification of APA examples and rules. Some important things to remember:
- if you are unable to identify a specific example, follow an example that is most like your source
- if available, always use the DOI for electronic resources (i.e. journal articles, e-books)
- a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique string of numbers and letters applied to content. DOIs are typically on the first page of a journal article or are included in a database’s article information
- if the DOI is not available, give the website homepage of the journal, book, or report publisher
- if the DOI is not available and you got the article from a subscription database (like Business Source Complete) you still need to include the journal website homepage – a quick Google search should help you find the correct website address
Don’t forget, the Library APA guide only covers frequently used citation forms only. For more detailed information refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association available in the reference section of your campus Library and to the APA Style website.
If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to drop me a line: email@example.com